Skip to main content
McMaster University Menu Search
News

Anthropology Colloquium Series | Genetic insights of the Maritime Archaic and Beothuk cultures of Newfoundland

Speaker: Dr. Ana Duggan, McMaster University, Title: “Genetic insights of the Maritime Archaic and Beothuk cultures of Newfoundland” Date: Tuesday, Nov 8 Location: AN Bourns Science Building Room A404, Time: 3:30-5:00 pm

Nov 01, 2016

Genetic insights of the Maritime Archaic and Beothuk cultures of Newfoundland

Abstract:

The culture and wisdom of aboriginal populations are under threat in modern society and we know even less about aboriginal populations of the past. With a combined approach of genetic and isotopic data, we are attempting to answer questions of the settlement of the east coast of North America and the relationship between two populations, the Maritime Archaic and Beothuk, who lived in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador from approximately 7500 – 150 YBP. The Maritime Archaic people were resident in the area from around 7550 - 3200 YBP while the Beothuk, who were the European contact population, appear in the archaeological record only around 2000 YBP and are believed to have gone culturally extinct with the death of Shanawdithit in AD 1829. We have recovered the complete mitochondrial genomes of 75 individuals belonging to these cultures and the data indicate a surprising degree of diversity within these populations but also suggest that there was no maternal continuity between the groups, indeed they may not have even shared a common source population. This project has broad implications for our knowledge of the peopling of the Americas, especially given the dearth of available data from the northeast, and on a local level allows us to reconstruct the ancestry and history of the people who came before. While genetic data cannot recreate cultural information, it can inform us as to the history of these populations and allow us to examine their relatedness with other aboriginal populations, both extinct and extant.

Biography:

Dr. Ana Duggan is a postdoctoral fellow at the McMaster Ancient DNA Centre. She researches molecular evolution and population genetics and the historical inferences we can make from genetic analyses. She has used phylogenies and phylogeography of modern human populations to understand ancient migrations and population interactions, and addresses the evolution and epidemiology of disease in ancient human populations.

 

Speaker: Dr. Ana Duggan, McMaster University,
Title: “Genetic insights of the Maritime Archaic and Beothuk cultures of Newfoundland”
Date: Tuesday, Nov 8
Location: AN Bourns Science Building Room A404,
Time: 3:30-5:00 pm

 

Speaker Series 2016-2017 schedule:

Oct.25: Andrea Muehlebach, University of Toronto
Title: "(Il)legality, Emergency, and the Struggle over the Commons: Water Politics in Campania"
3:30-5:00 pm, AN Bourns Science Building, Room A404

 

Nov.8: Ana Duggan, McMaster University 
Title: "Genetic insights of the Maritime Archaic and Beothuk cultures of Newfoundland"
3:30-5:00 pm, AN Bourns Science Building, Room A404

 

Nov.22: Shannon Novak, Syracuse University
Title: "Corporeal Congregations and Asynchronous Lives: Unpacking the Pews at Spring Street"
3:30-5:00 pm, AN Bourns Science Building, Room A404


Dec.6: Natasha Myers, York University
Title: TBA
3:30-5:00 pm, AN Bourns Science Building, Room A404


Jan.17: Andrew Scherer, Brown University
Title: "Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Ritual Violence among the Ancient Maya"
3:30-5:00 pm, Degroote School of Business, Room 505

 

Feb.14: 

Anthropology Colloquium Series | Dr. Brian Boyd, Columbia University
Title:"Making Archaeology Work in the Occupied Palestinian Territories"
Date: Tuesday, Feb 14
Location: Degroote School of Business, Room 505
Time: 3:30-5:00 pm


Mar.7: Elysée Nouvet, McMaster University
Title: TBA
3:30-5:00 pm, Degroote School of Business, Room 505

 

Mar.21: TBA

 

Apr.4: Faidra Papavasiliou, Georgia State University
Title: "Genetic Enclosures, Genetic Trespasses: Agrobiodiversity and Contestation in Greece Under Crisis and Austerity"
3:30-5:00 pm, Degroote School of Business, Room 505